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Aves - Palaeognathae - Tinamiformes - Tinamidae - Tinamus - Tinamus major

Sternum (Breast Bone) of a Tinamus major (Great Tinamou)


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Species Description
The Great Tinamou, also called the Mountain Hen, is a terrestrial bird, about the size and shape of a small turkey, that is native to Central and South America. It lives in the tropical and subtropical forests (rainforest, swamp forest, and cloud forest), where it subsists on fruits, seeds, various arthropods, and small vertebrates. The Great Tinamou, like all Tinamids, is a ratite; while it shares the primitive palate of its relatives the cassowaries, unlike other ratites, it can fly (albeit poorly). The Great Tinamou demonstrates polygynadrous mating, wherein multiple females mate with multiple males; the Great Tinamou also practices exclusive parental care, with the male incubating the eggs and rearing chicks. Without the need to care for young, females are able to start five or six nests during the breeding season; once the chicks are fledged (after three weeks), the males will seek out other females.
Skeletal Elements Available

Sternum (Breast Bone)

Furcula (Wishbone)

Right Humerus (Right Upper Arm Bone)

Left Humerus (Left Upper Arm Bone)

Right Tarsometatarsus (Right Fused Element Consisting of Ankle and Middle Foot Bones)

Left Tarsometatarsus (Left Fused Element Consisting of Ankle and Middle Foot Bones)
External Links
Animal Diversity Web
Encyclopedia of Life
Wikipedia Great Tinamou Page

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